New Order were an English rock group formed in 1980 by Bernard Sumner (vocals, guitars, synthesizers), Peter Hook (bass, backing vocals, electronic drums) and Stephen Morris (drums, synthesizers). The band was formed in the wake of the demise of their previous band, Joy Division, following the suicide of singer Ian Curtis. They were soon joined by keyboardist/guitarist Gillian Gilbert. New Order melded post-punk and electronic dance, and became one of the most critically acclaimed bands of the 1980s. Though the band were shadowed by the legacy of Joy Division in their first years, their immersion in the New York City club scene of the early 1980s introduced them to dance music. The band's 1983 hit "Blue Monday" saw them fully embrace dance music and synthesized instruments, and is the best-selling 12-inch single of all time. New Order were the flagship band for Factory Records, and their minimalist album sleeves and non-image reflected the label's aesthetic of doing whatever the relevant parties wanted to do, including New Order not wanting to put singles onto the albums. The band have often been acclaimed by fans, critics and other musicians as a highly influential force in the alternative rock and dance music scenes over the past 25 years. New Order were on hiatus between 1993 and 1998, during which time the members participated in various side-projects. The band reconvened in 1998, and in 2001 released Get Ready, their first album in eight years. In 2005, Phil Cunningham (guitars, synthesizers) replaced Gilbert, who had left the group due to family commitments. In July 2007, Peter Hook claimed that he and Sumner had no further plans to work together. Between 1976 and 1980, Ian Curtis, Peter Hook, Stephen Morris, and Bernard Sumner were members of the post-punk band Joy Division, often featuring heavy production input from producer Martin Hannett. Curtis committed suicide on 18 May 1980 the day before they were scheduled to depart for their American tour, and prior to release of the band's second album, Closer. The rest of the band decided soon after Curtis's death that they would carry on. Hook told Mojo in 1994, "The first meeting we all had, which was the Sunday night [Curtis committed suicide], we agreed that. We didn't sit there crying. We didn't cry at his funeral. It came out as anger at the start. We were absolutely devastated: not only had we lost someone we considered our friend, we'd lost the group. Our life basically." The members of Joy Division had agreed before Curtis's death not to continue under the Joy Division name should any one member leave the band. Rob Gretton, the band's manager for over twenty years, is credited for having found the name "New Order" in an article in The Guardian entitled "The People's New Order of Kampuchea". The band adopted this name, despite its previous use for ex-Stooge Ron Asheton's band The New Order. Yet the link with Joy Division (whose name came from the Nazis' term for concentration-camp sex slaves) made it hard for critics to ignore the fascistic undertones the name carried with it, the term "New Order" being featured in Hitler's Mein Kampf as "the new order of the Third Reich". The band publicly rejected any claims that the name had anything to do with fascist or Nazi sympathies, with Sumner later saying, "We really, really thought it didn't have any connotations, and we thought that it was a neutral name, it didn't mean much...." It should also be noted that 'L'Ordine Nuovo' was a newspaper edited in the 1920s by the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci, whose ideas were much discussed in radical circles in the '70s and '80s. The band rehearsed with each member taking turns on vocals. Sumner ultimately took the role, as the guitar was an easier instrument to play while singing. Wanting to complete the line-up with someone they knew well and whose musical skill and style was compatible with their own, New Order invited Morris's girlfriend, Gillian Gilbert from Macclesfield, to join the band during the early part of October 1980, as keyboardist and guitarist. Gilbert's membership was suggested by Gretton. Their initial release as New Order was the single "Ceremony", backed with "In a Lonely Place". These two songs were written in the weeks before Curtis took his own life. With the release of Movement in November 1981, New Order initially started on a similar route as their previous incarnation, performing dark, melodic songs, albeit with an increased use of synthesizers. The band viewed the period as a low point, as they were still reeling from Curtis's death. Hook commented that the only positive thing to come out of the Movement sessions was that producer Martin Hannett had showed the band how to use a mixing board, which allowed them to produce records by themselves from then on. A change in musical direction was brought about when New Order visited New York City in 1981. The band immersed themselves in the New York dance scene and were introduced to postdisco, Latin freestyle, and electro. Additionally, the band had taken to listening to Italian disco to cheer themselves up, while Morris taught himself drum programming. The singles that followed, "Everything's Gone Green" and "Temptation", indicated the change in direction toward dance music. The Haçienda, Factory Records' own nightclub (largely funded by New Order), opened in May 1982 in Manchester and was even issued a Factory catalogue number: FAC51. This was the UK's first ever superclub. Its opening was marked by a nearly 23-minute instrumental piece of Steve Morris's making, "Video 586", which was released as a single 15 years later.
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Členové kapely Joy Division:

Ian Curtis, Peter Hook, Bernard Sumner, Stephen Morris



Členové kapely New Order:

Bernard Sumner, Phil Cunningham, Stephen Morris (Gillian Gilbert,
Peter Hook)



Související interpreti:

Arthur Baker, Audio Paradox, Bauhaus, Be Music, Depeche Mode, Electronic, Gang of Four, Monaco,Paul Haig, Public Image Ltd., Revenge, The Cure, The Durutti Column, The Fall, The Other Two, The Smiths, The Sound, Warsaw, Wire

Joy Division | New Order

Unknown Pleasures

Unknown Pleasures

Joy Division

1979 studio

Closer

Closer

Joy Division

1980 studio

Still

Still

Joy Division

1981

Movement

Movement

New Order

1981 studio

Power, Corruption & Lies

Power,
Corruption & Lies

New Order

1983 studio

Low-Life

Low-Life

New Order

1985 studio

Brotherhood

Brotherhood

New Order

1986 studio

Substance

Substance

New Order

1987

Substance

Substance

Joy Division

1988

Technique

Technique

New Order

1989 studio

Republic

Republic

New Order

1993 studio

Permanent

Permanent

Joy Division

1995

The Best of New Order

The Best of

New Order

1995

Get Ready

Get Ready

New Order

2001 studio

Before and After/BBC Sessions

Before and After
BBC Sessions

Joy Division

2002 Live

Singles

Singles

New Order

2005

Waiting For The Sirens' Call

Waiting For
The Sirens' Call

New Order

2005 studio

The Best of Joy Division

The Best of

Joy Division

2008

May / 2008